Egzekucja Cesare Battisti,…

Egzekucja Cesare Battisti, 1916 rok. Cesare był włoskim politykiem i żołnierzem. Prosił polowy sąd austriacki o śmierć w mundurze przez rozstrzelanie, ale wieszano/duszono go dwukrotnie. W wielkim skrócie urodził się na spornych terenach włosko-austriackich i opowiedział się po stronie Włoszech, pomimo chyba obywatelstwa austriackiego. Dzisiaj trochę zapomniana sprawa, ale Austriacy często wieszali cywilów w Serbii i w mniejszym stopniu we Włoszech.

After the Battle of Asiago he was captured by the Austrian forces, on 10 July 1916 and faced a court-martial in his hometown Trento at the Castello del Buonconsiglio, charged with high treason. Though Battisti officially enjoyed parliamentary immunity, he was sentenced to death by strangulation. He requested a military execution by firing squad so as to not dishonor the Italian Army uniform, but the judge denied his request, and instead procured for him some shabby civilian clothes. Dressed in these, he was executed (hanged and garrotted) the same day, the brutality of which was increased by the fact that executioner Josef Lang [de] botched the job so that Battisti actually was hanged twice.

The smiling execution squad posed with his body for photographs, which when later published did severe damage to Austria’s reputation. The author Karl Kraus applied a picture as frontispiece of his 1922 play Die letzten Tage der Menschheit (The Last Days of Mankind). Battisti is considered a national hero in Italy, and several memorials were dedicated to him, in Rome as well as in his hometown Trento and at the Bolzano Victory Monument. Both Trento and Bolzano had been Austrian cities until 1918

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